In the simplest terms diabetes is a blood sugar disease. This is a disease in which our body either does not manufacture or does not properly utilize insulin. It is a chronic nutritional disorder. Diabetes is gradually rising out as a big problem in the world at large.

The normal sugar content must be is 80 -120mg per 100 ml of our blood. When it goes above this level, it needs to be treated & controlled. Diabetes is a complex disease, affecting various parts of our body. A number of problems can be comforted with simple things right from the kitchen.  

Diabetes causes frequent urination, thirst, hunger, weight loss & dehydration. In severe cases vision problems, heart disease, hearing problems as well.  


Though, the level of sugar can be controlled with minimum efforts. Diabetes is difficult to be cured for lifetime but proper sugar levels can be maintained by good and healthy diet habits.


  
TYPE 2 DIABETES
Type 2 diabetes is also known as non insulin dependent or adult onset diabetes

Unlike patient with diabetes type 1, people with diabetes type 2 produces insulin; however, either their pancreas does not produce adequate insulin or the body cannot utilize the insulin sufficiently. This is termed as insulin resistance. 

When there isn't adequate insulin or the insulin is not used as it should be, glucose (sugar) can't obtain into the body's cells. When glucose blocks up in the blood instead of going into the cells, the body cells are unable to work properly. 

Specialists say that central obesity; fat accumulated around the waist may be dangerous, because abdominal organs may make persons more liable to build up diabetes Type 2.

Other difficulties linked with the buildup of glucose in the blood:
Destruction to the body - Over time, the high glucose levels in the blood may damage the nerves and small blood vessels of the eyes, kidneys, and heart and predispose a person to atherosclerosis (hardening) of the large arteries that can cause heart attack and stroke.
Dehydration/ dryness - The increase of sugar in the blood can cause increase in urination. When our kidneys lose the glucose through the urine, a vast amount of water/liquid is also lost and it may cause dehydration.
Diabetic Coma or Hyperosmolar nonketotic diabetic coma - When a patient with type 2 diabetes becomes very sick or brutally dehydrated and incapable to drink enough fluids to make up for the fluid losses, they may develop this life-threatening problem.


Risk factors in Type 2 

Over 45
The older you are the higher your risk is, particularly if you are above 40.
Diabetes in the family
If you have a family member who has/had diabetes your risk might be bigger. The risk increases if the relative is a close one. If father or mother or both has/had diabetes, then possibility might be larger than if your uncle has/had type 2 diabetes.
Obesity or overweight
Body weight and inactivity combined with body weight. Obesity is the main reason in four-fifths of people who have Type 2. The risk is higher for a person who is overweight and physically inactive. In additional words, if you are extremely overweight and do not do any exercise your risk is greatest.


Cardiovascular problems and stroke
A person who has had a stroke runs a high risk of increasing Type 2 diabetes. This is also the case for people who suffer from hypertension (high blood pressure), or have had a heart attack. Any analysis of a problem with circulation indicates a higher risk of increasing Type 2 diabetes.

Mental health problems
It has been found that people with severe mental health problems are more likely to develop Type 2 diabetes.

Anyone can get Type 2 diabetes. Who…
have pre-diabetes
have low HDL cholesterol or high triglycerides levels
have high blood pressure
are members of certain racial or ethnic group 

Type 2 diabetes is much more common and usually develops in older adults. Now days type 2 diabetes is being found at younger ages/teen ages and is even being diagnosed among children and teens.
Diabetes has become more prevalent than ever due to the diet consisting of fast junk food. Even for many participating in healthier lifestyles and eating whole foods, blood sugar levels may still be improper. Whether you are diabetic or pre-diabetic, there are a many home remedies available to help manage your numbers and reduce the need for insulin.


GESTATIONAL DIABETES  (pregnancy related) 

Some women develop diabetes during their pregnancy, generally near the end of pregnancy. It affects around 3-5% of all pregnant women. Even though, it goes away after pregnancy, these women may have a higher threat for developing diabetes type 2 afterward in their life.

A woman who became temporarily diabetic throughout her pregnancy period, gestational diabetes develops high risk of Type 2 diabetes soon after. Women who gave birth to a large baby may run a high risk as well.

Image Courtesy- fyiliving.com, livemint.com

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