SYMPTOMS & SIGNS OF DIABETES 

Millions of people have diabetes and don't even identify it because the symptoms develop so gradually, people often don't identify them. Some people, particularly pre-diabetics, have no symptoms at all.

In the simplest terms diabetes is a blood sugar disease. This is a disease in which the body either does not produce or does not properly utilize insulin. It is a chronic nutritional disorder. Diabetes is gradually rising out as a big problem in the world at large.


Diabetes patients might have SOME or NONE of the following symptoms: 

1. Excessive thirst 

If you are urinating more than normal, you will need to substitute that lost liquid. You will be drinking more than normal. Excessive thirst is one of the most common indications of diabetes is an urge of excessive thirst and frequent urination.

This situation arises due to excessive secretion of fluids by the kidney that makes the body dry/dehydrated, leading to a yearning for the essential amount of fluid in the body.  

2. Increased sugar level in blood.

3. Excessive fatigue.


Mental exertion or Fatigue: inability of glucose to enter the body cells because of diabetes, there is lack of energy supply in the body leading to irritation and tiredness in the patient.  
  

 

4. Blurry vision or sudden vision changes  

Due to abnormal increase in the levels of glucose in the blood, our blood vessels gets damaged and hence it pull out the fluid from the eye lenses & it leads to blurred vision or sometimes even blindness if overlooked. 
 

5. Frequent urination  

Have you been going to the toilet or bathroom to urinate more often recently? Do you notice that you spend most of the day going to the toilet? 
When there is too much glucose (sugar) in your blood you will urinate more often. If insulin is ineffective or absent, our kidneys cannot filter the glucose back into the blood. The kidneys will consume water from your blood in order to reduce the glucose, which in turn fills up your bladder.   


6. Increase in hunger or extreme hunger 

Abnormal increase in appetite: as the insulin in your blood is not working appropriately, or is not there at all, and your cells are not getting their energy, your body may respond by trying to get more energy - food. You will become hungry.  
In a diabetic condition the insulin level in the blood is not normal and therefore the body cells are not able to get necessary amount of energy to carry out daily activities resulting in unusual hunger in order to accomplish the lack of energy.

7. Dehydration.  

8. Sudden weight loss 

Unexplained loss in weight: This is more common among people with Diabetes Type 1. An abnormal difference in the weight is observed without any effort if one is suffering from diabetes. This is happens due to incapability of body to soak up glucose and frequent urination.

Muscle tissues & body fat will be broken down to generate energy. As Type 1 diabetes is more unexpected beginning and Type 2 is much more gradual, weight loss is more observable with Type 1diabetes.
 

9. Sexual dysfunction among men 

If you are above 50 and experience frequent or regular sexual dysfunction (erectile dysfunction), it could be a indication of diabetes.
 

 

10. Poor sleep. 

11. Feeling very tired much of the time.


12. Tingling or numbness, especially in feet and hands 

Due to increase in glucose/sugar level of blood in our body, the blood vessel gets damaged & leads to loss of sensation in hands and feet. In addition to that, patient can experience burning sensation in hands, legs and feet due to loss of motor nerve fiber.


13. Poor circulation. 

14. Irritability - Irritability can be due to your lack of energy.

15. Dryness in the skin

Due to peripheral neuropathy, the circulation and proper functioning of sweat gland is hampered resulting in dry and itchy skin. 


16. Gums are red and/or swollen - Gums pull away from teeth 

If your gums are tender, red and/or swollen this could be a symptom of diabetes. Your teeth could become loose as the gums pull them away.


17. Recurrent gum disease/infection

As well as the earlier gum symptoms, you may experience further frequent gum disease and/or gum infections.  



18. Itchy skin

A feeling of itchiness on your skin is sometimes a symptom of diabetes. 

19. Sores that is slow to heal. 

20. More infections than usual. 

When there is more sugar in your blood, then our body’s ability to recover from infections will be highly affected. Especially women with diabetes find it hard to recover from bladder and vaginal infections. 


21. Slow rate of healing wounds. 

It takes a long time for a patient suffering from diabetes to heal even a minor wound due to weak immune system. This can be mostly noticeable in case of bladder and vaginal infections in woman.


22. Weight gain 

Weight gain or fat gain might be the result of the above symptom (intense hunger).






CAUSES OF DIABETES

1. Age.  
 

2. Stress and Hypertension 
 

3. Hereditary/Genetics 
 

4. Absence of Physical activity/exercise in daily routine. 
 

5. Some sort of disorders that affect the ability of pancreas to produce insulin. 
 

6. Smoking. 
 

7. Excessive intake of carbohydrate and sugar in diet. 
 

8. Viruses, for example hepatitis viruses, mumps virus, Coxsackie virus, cytomegalovirus.
 

9. Dietary factors: excessive consumption of dairy products, diets high in nitrosamines. 
 

10. Environmental toxins. 
 

11. Emotional and physical stress.
 

Image Courtesy - heart.org, medicalook.com, healthmeup.com, bbcimg.co.uk, webmd.com, faqs.org, fit4d.com.


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